Historic Caldwell, Idaho
Caldwell is at the western entrance of the Treasure Valley and is located along the Boise River. In search of a better life mining gold during the civil war, travelers came in droves. Later Oregon Trail Pioneers sought the same. Many did not reach their destination and decided to settle in Caldwell where they created local businesses such as ferries, farms, ranches, stage stations and freighting businesses. Irrigation from the Boise River allowed the land to be developed into an agricultural city.
Caldwell became a meeting point for Indians, trappers and traders to hold annual rendezvous. People would participate from all over the world, including Europe, Brazil, Armenia, and Australia.
In the 1880’s the railroad route was drawn by Robert E. Strathorn. The city was named after Strahorn’s business partner Alexander Caldwell. The city was incorporated in 1890 and the College of Idaho was started in 1891.
Present Day Caldwell, Idaho
In the 2010 census, Caldwell’s population was estimated at 46,237. It is the county seat within Canyon County, but considered part of the Boise Metropolitan area. Today, the College of Idaho is the top small liberal arts college in all of the U.S. The College of Western Idaho is also located in Caldwell. Present day Caldwell is still a highly agricultural community and is home to seven international seed companies. Caldwell Farmers grow over 140 crops and have dairy/beef ranches that ship products worldwide.
Caldwell, Idaho was the birthplace of J.R. Simplot. At 20 years old he founded his company Simplot and by the early 1940's he was supplying dried onions and potatoes to the military. He became a billionaire after his company developed the frozen french fry and became the main source for McDonalds. In 2004, Forbes ranked Simplot as the 59th largest privately held business. Simplot maintains plants worldwide in Australia, Canada, Mexico and China, and still operates a major plant in Caldwell, Idaho.
Simplot is also historically noted for creating an innate genetically modified potato which is resistant to forming blackspots and browning and contains less asparagine (an amino acid and probable human carcinogen).
Two golf courses, greenbelts, and 10 city parks, a pool, and a skatepark provide recreation in Caldwell, Idaho. The CNR - Caldwell Night Rodeo is nationally ranked as the 5th top rodeo.
Vineyards & Orchards
The Snake River Valley features fertile land perfect for growing orchards and vineyards. It is home to the following vineyards: Annadelle Winery, Bitner Vineyards, Fujishin Family Cellars & Lost West Winery, HAT Ranch Winery & Vale Wine Co., Hells Canyon Winery & Zhoo Zhoo Wines, Huston Vineyards, Koenig Vineyards, Sawtooth Winery, Ste. Chapelle Winery, Williamson Orchards & Vineyards, Vale Wine Co.
2010 Census and Demographics
“As of the census of 2010, there were 46,237 people, 14,895 households, and 10,776 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,096.0 inhabitants per square mile (809.3/km2). There were 16,323 housing units at an average density of 739.9 per square mile (285.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 0.6% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.1% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.4% of the population.
There were 14,895 households of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.51.
The median age in the city was 28.2 years. 33.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.4% were from 25 to 44; 18.2% were from 45 to 64; and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,336. The per capita income for the city was $15,731. About 20.2% of the population was below the poverty line.” – Source: Wikipedia